- Land Area:
(land) 2,174 sq miles (5,632 sq km)
(water) 0 sq miles (0 sq km)
(TOTAL) 2,174 sq miles (5,632 sq km)To convert sq km (kilometers) to sq mi (miles)
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- Latitude & Longitude:
- Denpasar (capital city)
(08° 39′ S, 115° 13′ E)
- Horizontal Width: 54.08 miles (87.03 km) from Gilimanuk east to Catur
- Vertical Length: 62.15 miles (100.02 km) from Yeh Sanih south to SanurNote: Lengths and widths are point-to-point, straight-line measurements from a Mercator map projection, and will vary some using other map projections
- Geographic Center: About 16.28 miles (26.2 km) southwest of Catur
- Highest Point:Mount Agung 10,328 ft. (3,148 m)
- Lowest Point:Bali Sea 0 m
Bali lies 3.2 km (2 mi) east of Java, and is approximately 8 degrees south of the equator. The Bali Strait separates Bali and Java.
The island’s central mountains include several peaks over 3,000 meters in elevation. The highest is Mount Agung, standing at 10,328 ft. (3,148 m) An active volcano known as the “Mother Mountain,” it last erupted in 1963, and lava flows devastated numerous villages, killing 1,500 people.
Bali’s volcanic nature has contributed to its exceptional fertility and its tall mountain ranges provide the high rainfall that supports the highly productive agriculture sector. South of the mountains is a broad, steadily descending area where most of Bali’s large rice crop is grown.
The northern side of the mountains slopes more steeply to the sea and is the main coffee producing area of the island, along with rice, vegetables and cattle.
Dozens of (very small) rivers drain the island. The longest river, the Ayung, flows approximately 75 km.
The island is surrounded by coral reefs. Beaches in the south tend to have white sand while those in the north and west have black sand.
- Calling Code: 62, then 361
- Electricity: 127/230V, 50Hz
Bali experiences pleasant (low humidity) conditions with average daily temperatures between 70 and 93 degrees (21 – 33°C) year-round. The island’s rainy season is December through March, with most of the showers occurring in the evening.
(All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions @ 2016 worldatlas.com)